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Institutional History
To reach its current existence, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has passed through different institutional restructuring and changes in its legal formation. The Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) and Ministry of Environment and Forest were key stepping institutions for the establishment of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) was established as an autonomous government agency at the Federal level by Proclamation 9/1995 primarily responsible for environmental management and protection of the country in 1995. The institution was accountable to the prime Minister. Along with EPA, the Environmental Protection Council was also established to oversee the tasks and activities of EPA as well as the activities of sectorial environmental agencies and units responsible for environmental management. The proclamation establishing EPA also stipulated the need for the establishment of environmental organs by regions.

Following the need for better representation of environmental matters in the Council of Ministers, EPA upgraded to the Ministry of Environment and Forest showing the political will and increased momentum in managing the Environment and was subsequently re-established as an autonomous body responsible to the Prime Minister by the Environmental Organs Establishment Proclamation No. 295/2002 . The Ministry of Environment and Forest was established by the amended proclamation 803/2013 . The proclamation mandated the Ministry, inter alia, to Coordinate and ensure the environmental objectives stipulated in the 1995 constitution of Ethiopia and the basic environmental principles indicated in the 1997 environmental policy of Ethiopia. The Ministry took the the following powers and duties vested to it by proclamation No 803/2013 :

  • Coordinate and ensure the environmental objectives stipulated in the 1995 constitution of Ethiopia and the basic environmental principles indicated in the 1997 environmental policy of Ethiopia.
  • Ensure that private, public and government projects do not inflict adverse social and environmental impacts. It also ensures that government social and economic development policies, strategies, laws and programmes are in line with the constitution and other law of the lands and never induce adverse social and environmental impacts;
  • Prepare a mechanism that promotes social, economic and environmental justice and channel the major part of any benefit derived thereof to the affected communities to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases that would otherwise have resulted from deforestation and forest degradation;
  • Ensure the implementation of internationally agreed and ratified environmental and natural resource issues are rightly implemented through the preparation of different policies and strategies as well as establishment of implementing institution(s);
  • Propose incentives to encourage best practices or disincentives to discourage practices that may hamper the sustainable use of natural resource or the prevention of environmental degradation or pollution;
  • Promotes the sustainability of the environment and the conservation and use of forest as well as the equitable sharing of benefits accruing from them while creating opportunities for green jobs.

In 2015, the Ministry of Environment and Forest was renamed and restructured to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change by Promotion No 916/2015 .The Ministry has, inter alia, the following powers and duties:

  • Coordinate measures to ensure that the environment objectives provided under the constitution and the basic principles set out in the environmental policy of Ethiopia are realized.
  • Establish a system for environmental impact assessment of public and private projects, as well as social and economic development policies, strategies, laws and programs.
  • Prepare a mechanism that promotes social, economic and environmental justice and channel the major part of any benefit derived thereof to the affected communities to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases that would otherwise have resulted from deforestation and forest degradation.
  • Coordinate actions on soliciting the resources required for building a climate resilient green economy in all sectors and at all governance levels as well as provide capacity building support and advisory services.
  • Establish a system for the evaluation of the environmental impact assessment of investment projects submitted by their respective proponents by the concerned sectorial licensing organ or the concerned regional organ prior to granting a permission for their implementation in accordance with the Environmental Impact Assessment Proclamation.
  • Take part in the negotiations of international environmental agreements and, as appropriate, initiate a process of their ratification.
  • Establish an environmental information system that promotes efficiency in environmental data collection, management and use.
  • Promote and provide non formal environmental education program and cooperate with competent organs with a view to integrating environmental concerns in the regular educational curricula.
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    Vision

    By ensuring sustainable environment and forest management, development and Utilization, Ethiopia achieves middle income status in a climate resilient green economy by 2025.

    Mission

    In order for sustainable environmental and forest resource management, development and utilization contribute to poverty eradication, the ministry of environment and forest is mandated to prepare regulatory instruments and insure their implementation, coordinate and carryout research and technology transfer, enhance education and awareness, coordinate climate resilient green economy development activities, build the capacity of development partners, enhance forest investment and marketing, spearhead and follow up the implementation of international environmental and forest related agreements, and prepare timely state of environment reports.

    Category: About MEFCC
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    The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is the lead government body responsible and legally mandated for environmental management. The vision of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is to ensure a clean and healthy environment in Ethiopia to create a better living environment to meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is responsible to ensure the realization of the environmental rights, goals, objectives and basic principles enshrined in the Constitution as well as the Environment Policy of Ethiopia through coordinating appropriate measures, establishing systems, developing programmes and mechanisms for the welfare of humans and the safety of the environment.

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    Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years). Climate change may refer to a change in average weather conditions, or in the time variation of weather around longer-term average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have been identified as primary causes of ongoing climate change, often referred to as global warming.

    Scientists actively work to understand past and future climate by using observations and theoretical models. A climate record—extending deep into the Earth’s past—has been assembled, and continues to be built up, based on geological evidence from borehole temperature profiles, cores removed from deep accumulations of ice, floral and faunal records, glacial and periglacial processes, stable-isotope and other analyses of sediment layers, and records of past sea levels. More recent data are provided by the instrumental record. General circulation models, based on the physical sciences, are often used in theoretical approaches to match past climate data, make future projections, and link causes and effects in climate change.

    Category: Climate change

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