Addis Ababa Feburary 10/2017 A study jointly conducted by the Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change, and the Addis Ababa University for the last three years indicated that the amount of green house gases in Addis Ababa and its environs has increased.
The Ministry told ENA that the amount of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide and other toxic gases has increased in and around Addis Ababa.
The quality of fuel the country imports, which the study says contains high level of sulfur, and increased number of used cars that emit high amount of gases to the air contributed to the increased amount of green house gases in the air, the study said.
The amount of sulfur in the fuel that Ethiopia imports is much higher and this has resulted in toxic emissions from vehicles which in turn exacerbate air pollution in the city, it said.
Furthermore, the research indicated that toxic gas emission from used vehicles has to a greater extent contributed to the increased presence of toxic gases in the air. As most of vehicles that are imported from abroad are second hand and were in service for longer years, they have contributed to air pollution in the city, the report added. The amount of tax levied on used vehicles, which is very low compared to brand new vehicles, has prompted increase in the import of used vehicles.
The report recommended that setting an emission standard on imported vehicles and setting a limited service year for importing used vehicles in addition to encouraging imports of new vehicles could help to reduce the amount of toxic gases that are emitted from vehicles.
The Ministry indicated that a road map for air quality control is being prepared to address the problem in a sustained manner. The Ministry has also concluded a memorandum of understanding with Indian Science and Environmental Research Center to address capacity limitations for establishing air quality control stations in the country.
Out of the 700,000 vehicles that are currently registered in Ethiopia, 62 percent are being used in Addis Ababa and it is believed that this has contributed to the situation.